Developmental Psychology

Developmental psychology
“Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development, aging, and the entire lifespan.”

The Strange Situation

The Strange Situation – Mary Ainsworth

Secure, Insecure, Avoidant & Ambivalent Attachment in Mothers & Babies

Positive Parenting Tips

5 Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Life

Social and Emotional Development–emotional/self-regulation-and-mutual-regulation/articles/self-regulation-tips.html

8 Steps to Help Your Child Develop Self Control

Ainsworth and Attachment Part 3

The Strange Situation: Results – Attachment Styles

Secure Attachment Ambivalent Attachment Avoidant Attachment
Separation Anxiety Distressed when mother leaves. Infant shows signs of intense distress when mother leaves. Infant shows no sign of distress when mother leaves.
Stranger Anxiety Avoidant of stranger when alone but friendly when mother present. Infant avoids the stranger – shows fear of stranger. Infant is okay with the stranger and plays normally when stranger is present.
Reunion behavior Positive and happy when mother returns. Child approaches mother but resists contact, may even push her away. Infant shows little interest when mother returns.
Other Will use the mother as a safe base to explore their environment. Infant cries more and explores less than the other 2 types. Mother and stranger are able to comfort the infant equally well.
% of infants 70 15 15

Strange Situation Conclusion
“Ainsworth (1978) suggested that behavior in the strange situation classification was determined by the behavior of the primary carer (in this case the mother).

For example, securely attached infant are associated with sensitive & responsive primary care.

Insecure ambivalent attached infants are associated with inconsistent primary care. Sometimes the child’s needs and met and sometime they are ignored by the mother / father.

Insecure avoidant infants are associated with unresponsive primary care. The child comes to believe that communication of needs has no influence on the mother / father.

Ainsworth’s (1971, 1978) findings provided the first empirical evidence for Bowlby’s attachment theory .

For example, securely attached children develop a positive working model of themselves and have mental representations of others as being helpful while viewing themselves as worthy of respect (Jacobsen, & Hoffman, 1997).

Avoidant children think themselves unworthy and unacceptable, caused by a rejecting primary caregiver (Larose, & Bernier, 2001).

Ambivalent children have negative self image and exaggerate their emotional responses as a way to gain attention (Kobak et al., 1993). Accordingly, insecure attachment styles are associated with an increased risk of social and emotional behavioral problems via the internal working model.”

Dysfunctional family
“A dysfunctional family is a family in which conflict, misbehavior, and often child neglect or abuse on the part of individual parents occur continually and regularly, leading other members to accommodate such actions. Children sometimes grow up in such families with the understanding that such an arrangement is normal.”

How Your Childhood Affects Your Love Styles
“Our childhood, how we were brought up, our relationships with our caregivers play a big impact on our love styles. Whether you are the pleaser, the victim or the controller, your upbringing is largely responsible for that. Watch this video to see how your childhood might have affected who you are. ”

6 Types of Childhood Abuse

Early Childhood Development

Sensory Motor Checklist (Ages 0-6+ years), Communication Checklist (Ages 0-36 Months), Assure the Best Brochure (Ages 0-15 Months)

Early Childhood Development: The key to a full and productive life


Developmental Milestone for Children 0-6 Years

Children Brain Development 0-6 Years
child development chart: 0-11 years;jsessionid=agkPPa6_YRqb?asset_id=945779


Monitoring Child Development (0-6 Years) in the IMCI Context

Child Development: Birth – 6 Years

The Whole Child (0 – 6 years)

Why We Only Learn When We Repeat

6 Types of Unhealthy Father Daughter Relationships

What Is Your Attachment Style?