Subjective Validation, Barnum Effect, Forer Effect

The Barnum Effect – Why People Believe In Astrology And Psychics

Barnum effect

The Barnum effect, also called the Forer effect, is a common psychological phenomenon whereby individuals give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality that supposedly are tailored specifically to them, that are in fact vague and general enough to apply to a wide range of people.[1] This effect can provide a partial explanation for the widespread acceptance of some paranormal beliefs and practices, such as astrology, fortune telling, aura reading, and some types of personality tests.”

The Barnum Effect
“The Barnum effect is named after P.T. Barnum, the showman who declared “there้›ถ a sucker born every minute.” He found many ways to separate “suckers”, as he called gullible people, from their money.

The Barnum effect in psychology refers to the gullibility of people when reading descriptions of themselves. By personality, we mean the ways in which people are different and unique. However, it is possible to give everyone the same description and people nevertheless rate the description as very very accurate”

Forer (or Barnum) Effect