What is the Palma Ratio?

List of countries by income equality

List of countries by wealth equality

These 15 countries have the widest gaps between rich and poor

Global InequalityOur world’s deepest pockets — “ultra high net worth individuals” — hold an astoundingly disproportionate share of global wealth.

World Wealth Distribution And Income Inequality […]

COVID-19 fiscal stimulus packages

Value of COVID-19 fiscal stimulus packages in G20 countries as of July 2020, as a share of GDP

Across countries, economic-stimulus responses to the COVID-19 crisis outsizethose to the 2008 nancial crisis.

Figure 1: IMF estimate of the size of the fiscal measures implemented in response to Covid-19

Country policy responses to Covid-19, As […]

monetary policy and fiscal policy

Monetary and fiscal policy

What is the difference between monetary policy and fiscal policy, and how are they related “Monetary policy is a term used to refer to the actions of central banks to achieve macroeconomic policy objectives such as price stability, full employment, and stable economic growth. In the United States, the Congress […]

building trading models


Excel Financial Trading Model Algorithm Program.wmv

How to backtest a MACD Trading Strategy in Excel – Part 1 How to Calculate and use the MACD Indicator in MS Excel How to Become a Better Trader – Backtest Your Own Trading Systems

How to Become a Better Trader – Backtest Your Own Trading Systems



Cash and carry arbitrage

Reverse Cash-and-Carry-Arbitrage “A combination of a short position in an asset such as a stock or commodity, and a long position in the futures for that asset. Reverse cash-and-carry arbitrage seeks to exploit pricing inefficiencies for the same asset in the cash (or spot) and futures markets in order […]

peer to peer lending

Peer to peer lending Over the last few years a new area of lending has been increasing in popularity – peer to peer, or social lending. The idea is that people who want to borrow money are put in touch with those who will lend it. Here’s how it works and how it compares to […]

Difference between OTC and ET derivatives

Markets: Exchange or Over-the-Counter

Exchange-traded versus Over-the-counter (OTC) Derivatives

ISDA Home – Listed vs. OTC: Why the NYSE is not the Problem

Difference between OTC and ET derivatives


other investment instrumetns: indexes, etfs and funds


MSCI Emerging Markets Index

MSCI Emerging Market Index

What Are […]

Happiness Economics

Happiness economics

The economics of happiness can make for sad reading

What makes people happy and why it matters for development

Above-average happiness: Britain is 11th most content nation in Europe

Happiness Economics


Relationship between Wealth, Income and Personal Well-being, July 2011 to June 2012–income-and-personal-well-being/art-wealth–income-and-personal-well-being.html#tab-Main-points


The Surprising […]

Economic & Environmental Impact of Traffic Congestion

Here’s Exactly How You Waste $1,700 Every Year “Traffic congestion isn’t just a frustrating part of commuter life; it’s expensive. A new report finds that every household with a car-commuting member loses $1,700 a year in time and gas burned thanks to bumper-to-bumper traffic.”

The cost of traffic jams

Economic & Environmental Impact […]

Sovereigns’ Ratings

Sovereigns Rating List

List of countries by credit rating (comparisons)

List of countries by credit rating – not frequently updated


Credit Ratings by country World Happiness Report



Gini coefficient, GINI index


Sovereign Risk Indicators 2017 Estimates

Global Sovereigns