Mathematics of bookmaking “In gambling parlance, making a book is the practice of laying bets on the various possible outcomes of a single event. The term originates from the practice of recording such wagers in a hard-bound ledger (the ‘book’) and gives the English language the term bookmaker for the person laying the bets and […]


Alcoholism “Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD) and alcohol dependence syndrome, is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in problems.[1] It was previously divided into two main types alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.[2][3] In a medical context alcoholism is said to exist when two or more of the following […]

toxic friendship

How to Recognize a Toxic Friend

Toxic Friends

Toxic Friends: Less Friend, More Foe “They put you down and expect you to pick them up, or drain the life right out of you for their own gain. With toxic friends like these, who needs enemies?”

10 Traits of a Toxic Friend “1. […]

toxic love

Toxic Love Relationships: How to Recognize & Escape Them

Toxic Love – the dysfunctional, addictive, cultural norm

Toxic Love

Healthy vs. Unhealthy Love:


Healthy Love

9. Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Love (Guest Lecture by


Triangular theory of love “Intimacy – Which encompasses feelings of attachment, closeness, […]



The Addictive Process and Addictive Behaviors

“Any activity, substance, object, or behavior that has become the major focus of a person’s life to the exclusion of other activities, or that has begun to harm the individual or others physically, mentally, or socially is considered an addictive behavior. A person can become addicted, dependent, […]