monetary policy and fiscal policy

Monetary and fiscal policy

What is the difference between monetary policy and fiscal policy, and how are they related “Monetary policy is a term used to refer to the actions of central banks to achieve macroeconomic policy objectives such as price stability, full employment, and stable economic growth. In the United States, the Congress […]


Cash and carry arbitrage

Reverse Cash-and-Carry-Arbitrage “A combination of a short position in an asset such as a stock or commodity, and a long position in the futures for that asset. Reverse cash-and-carry arbitrage seeks to exploit pricing inefficiencies for the same asset in the cash (or spot) and futures markets in order […]

peer to peer lending

Peer to peer lending Over the last few years a new area of lending has been increasing in popularity – peer to peer, or social lending. The idea is that people who want to borrow money are put in touch with those who will lend it. Here’s how it works and how it compares to […]

Difference between OTC and ET derivatives

Markets: Exchange or Over-the-Counter

Exchange-traded versus Over-the-counter (OTC) Derivatives

ISDA Home – Listed vs. OTC: Why the NYSE is not the Problem

Difference between OTC and ET derivatives


other investment instrumetns: indexes, etfs and funds


MSCI Emerging Markets Index

MSCI Emerging Market Index

What Are […]

Economic & Environmental Impact of Traffic Congestion

Here’s Exactly How You Waste $1,700 Every Year “Traffic congestion isn’t just a frustrating part of commuter life; it’s expensive. A new report finds that every household with a car-commuting member loses $1,700 a year in time and gas burned thanks to bumper-to-bumper traffic.”

The cost of traffic jams

Economic & Environmental Impact […]

Sovereigns’ Ratings

Sovereigns Rating List

List of countries by credit rating (comparisons)

List of countries by credit rating – not frequently updated


Credit Ratings by country World Happiness Report



Gini coefficient, GINI index


Sovereign Risk Indicators 2017 Estimates

Global Sovereigns


mortgage related concepts


Japanese knotweed

Situations which could effecting the Mortgage of a Property

Prevent Japanese knotweed from spreading

An Introduction to Japanese Knotweed “Japanese Knotweed is considered as an invasive plant, invasives are species not native to and tending to spread widely in a habitat or environment”

Identifying Japanese knotweed

How to Identify […]

MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)

Markets in Financial Instruments Directive

MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)

Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) “Published: 12/09/2014 MiFID came into force on 1 November 2007, replacing the Investment Services Directive (ISD). MiFID widens the range of core investment services and activities that firms can passport.

What does MiFID aim to do? […]

Swiss franc turmoil claims FX trader Alpari UK

West Ham sponsor enters insolvency after Swiss currency crisis “Alpari UK, which signed a three-year deal with the football club in 2013, among a string of companies feeling the impact of the sharp move in the currency markets on Thursday”

West Ham sponsor Alpari hammered by Swiss U-turn on franc cap

Swiss franc […]